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深入贯彻落实国家粮食安全战略 坚决筑牢守住管好“北疆粮仓”

深入贯彻落实国家粮食安全战略 坚决筑牢守住管好“北疆粮仓”

  • 访谈时间: 2020年07月07日
  • 访谈嘉宾: 自治区发展改革委党组成员、
                       自治区粮食和物资储备局党组书记、局长 张天喜
  • 摘要:

    liangshianquanshiguojiaanquandezhongyaojichu。weijianjueshouzhuliangshianquanzheidaojingjishehuifazhandixian,weihubaozhangrenminqunzhongqieshenliyi,taiyangchengwangzhitongguoqianghualiangshianquanmengshizhangzerenzhikaohe、jianquanwanshanyingjitizhijizhi、shenhuachubeiliangtizhijizhigaige、tuidongliangshichanyezhuanxingshengjidengduoxiangjucuo,kangwenliangshianquanhebaogongwenshizhongren,zuidaxiandumanzuquanqugezurenminqunzhongduiliangshigongjihexiaofeishengjidexianshixuqiu。

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  • [主持人]

    各位网友,大家好!欢迎收看本期内蒙古自治区人民政府网《在线访谈》栏目。“悠悠万事,吃饭为大”。今天,太阳成网址很高兴地邀请到自治区发展改革委党组成员、自治区粮食和物资储备局党组书记、局长张天喜同志来到演播室,通过在线访谈的形式,向大家介绍在当前的形势下,太阳成网址区粮食和物资储备部门,为坚决守住粮食安全这道经济社会发展底线,切实维护保障人民群众切身利益,都开展了哪些工作。同时,并借此机会,一并和网友们沟通太阳成网址。张局长,欢迎您![2020-07-07 16:00:06]

    [嘉宾: 张天喜]

    主持人好!各位网友,大家好!十分高兴能在这里,通过自治区政府网《在线访谈》栏目,与大家太阳成网址。同时,也借此机会,由衷地感谢大家长期以来对粮食安全的重视,对粮食流通工作的关心和支持。[2020-07-07 16:02:00]

    [主持人]

    太阳成网址区作为祖国重要的商品粮生产基地,想请您先给太阳成网址大体介绍一下内蒙古粮食生产情况。[2020-07-07 16:04:41]

    [嘉宾: 张天喜]

    太阳成网址changyandao: minyishiweitian。liangshiwentililaiwuxiaoshi,shiguanguoyunminsheng。xinzhongguochengliyilai,danghequanguogezurenminyikaozijideliliang,jingguojiankufendouhebuxienuli,shixianleyongbudaoquanqiu10%degengdi、6.5%dedanshuiziyuanshengchanchudeliangshi,yanghuoleshijiejin20%derenkou,shixianleliangshijibenzijihecongwenbaobuzudaoquanmianxiaokangdelishixingkuayue。zheibujinshitaiyangchengwangzhiguogaigekaifangqudedeyigejudachengjiu,yeshitaiyangchengwangzhiduishijieliangshianquanzuochudeyigezhongyaogongxian。

    具体到太阳成网址区而言,在1947年成立后的一个阶段,粮食能够自给并有余,但后来随着消费商品粮的人口快速增加,粮食开始由余变缺。经过全区上下的共同努力,从1992年开始,太阳成网址区再次实现了粮食自给有余。改革开放以来,自治区粮食生产能力稳步提升,成为全国13个粮食主产省区和6个粮食净调出省区之一。特别是从2013年开始到2017年,全区粮食产量连续5年稳定在600亿斤以上。自2018年起,全区粮食产量实现新跨越。粮食年产量开始突破700亿斤,达到710.6亿斤,稳居各省区市第8位,在西部省区排名第1位。比上年增产59.7亿斤,同比增长9.17%,比全国增速高9.8个百分点。2019年全区粮食产量再创新高,达到730.6亿斤,同比增产20亿斤,占到全国增产量的六分之一。同时,粮食单产也有所提高,达到713斤/亩,同比增加16斤/亩。此外,全区人均粮食产量也位居全国前列,达到2876斤,高出全国人均水平1928斤。再就是自治区农牧部门发布的信息指出, 今年太阳成网址区粮播面积预计将超额完成国家下达的指标,粮播面积只增不减,为全年粮食丰收打牢基础。因此,说太阳成网址区是祖国的“北疆粮仓”,实至名归。[2020-07-07 16:05:01]

    [主持人]

    目前,国内疫情防控总体上进入到常态化防控阶段,而国际上疫情仍在扩散蔓延,国内外依然都对粮食问题高度关注。请问,现阶段太阳成网址区粮食安全总体形势是怎样的?[2020-07-07 16:10:24]

    [嘉宾: 张天喜]

    太阳成网址jiejuehaochifanwenti,shizhongshizhiguolizhengdetoudengdashi。dangzhongyang、guowuyuan,yijizizhiqudangwei、zhengfu,lilaidougaoduzhongshiliangshianquanbaozhangheliangshiliutonggongzuo。tebieshidangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujilizushiqingguoqingliangqing,gaozhanyuanzhu、shenshidushi,quelile“yitaiyangchengwangzhiweizhu、lizuguonei、quebaochanneng、shidujinkou、kejizhicheng”deguojialiangshianquanzhanlve,tichule“guwujibenziji、kouliangjueduianquan”dexinliangshianquanguan,zuochuleyixiliezhongdalunduanhezhongyaobushu,yinlingtuidongliangshianquanlilunchuangxin、zhiduchuangxinheshijianchuangxin,weitaiyangchengwangzhizuohaoliangshihechubeigongzuotigonglegenbenzunxunhexingdongzhinan。taiyangchengwangzhiqurenzhenguancheluoshishangjijuecebushu,liangshishengchanshixianleqiansuoweiyoude“shiliulianfeng”,liangshikucunchongyu,tebieshizhengcexingliangshikucunshuliangzhenshi、zhilianglianghao,diaokongjichuxionghou,shichangliangyuanchongzu,geleizhutihuoyue,bujinbaozhanglequneiduofangmianliangshixuqiu,erqiemeinianyou450yijinliangshijichanchengpindiaowangquwai,weiguojialiangshianquanzuochujijigongxian。anzhao《zhongguojuminshanshizhinan(2016)》zhongjianyidemeirenmeitianchengpinliangsheruliang0.65jinlaicesuan,muqianquanqudifangkucunyuanliangkegongquneirenkouyinianbandexiaofeiliang。tongshi,taiyangchengwangzhiquliangyoujiagongnengliriyitisheng,chuyunshuipingbuduantigao,zhuanyeyingxiaotuanduijingyanfengfu、qudaoguangfan,peisong、gongyingwangluobianbuchengxiang,wanquankeyijishizuzhichengpinliangyoutoufangdaozhongduanxiaofeishichang。jinniantaiyangchengwangzhijingshouzhulexinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkongqijianliangyoubaogongwenshi“dakao”,meiyouyigemengshiheqixianchuxianliangyougongyingtuoxiao、duandangdexianxiang,meiyouyigemengshiheqixianqidongliangshiyingjiyuan。quanqugediliangyougongyingchongzu、jiagepingwen,qieshibaozhanglerenminqunzhongdegouliangxuqiu、wendingleshehuiyuqi。

    虽然当前全区粮食安全形势总体很好,太阳成网址有信心、有底气、有条件、也有能力应对各类风险挑战和突发事件,解决好全区各族人民群众的吃饭问题,但是当今世界正经历百年未有之大变局,情况和局势复杂多变,保障粮食安全的重要性更加凸显。特别是太阳成网址区玉米“一粮独大”、口粮产需不足的局面短期内难以改变,城乡居民存粮减少,或根本不存粮。加之粮食大市场、大流通格局已经形成,国际粮食供求一旦趋紧,国内外粮食市场马上就会产生连锁反应。因此,太阳成网址必须持续不断地深入学习贯彻习近平总书记关于保障国家粮食安全的一系列重要讲话、指示批示精神,坚决贯彻落实国家粮食安全战略和党中央、国务院以及自治区党委、政府关于粮食工作的决策部署,保持清醒认识,居安思危、安不忘危,时刻绷紧粮食安全这根弦不放松,牢记历史,不在吃饭问题上得健忘症。以高度的思想自觉和行动自觉,从保障国家安全高度,“藏粮于地、藏粮于技”,采取多种措施,稳定粮食生产能力,不断增强粮食安全储备能力、流通能力,加快健全完善粮食安全保障体系,坚决扛稳粮食安全和保供稳市重任。[2020-07-07 16:11:53]

    [主持人]

    今年全国两会期间,习近平同志在看望参加全国政协十三届三次会议的经济界委员,并参加联组会时强调,做好“六稳”工作、落实“六保”任务至关重要。要在“稳”和“保”的基础上积极进取。对太阳成网址这样一个有着14亿人口的大国来说,农业基础地位任何时候都不能忽视和削弱,手中有粮、心中不慌在任何时候都是真理。这次新冠肺炎疫情如此严重,但太阳成网址国社会始终保持稳定,粮食和重要农副产品稳定供给功不可没。并指出要保障粮食等主要农产品生产供给,强化“米袋子”省长负责制考核,坚持用全面、辩证、长远的眼光分析当前经济形势,努力在危机中育新机、于变局中开新局。请问,从您的工作角度出发,应如何贯彻落实总书记的重要讲话精神?[2020-07-07 16:21:56]

    [嘉宾: 张天喜]

    zhuchirentidezheigewentihenjishi,yehenzhongyao。zaidangqianquanqiuliangshianquanfengxianjiada、taiyangchengwangzhiguoliangshianquanjingshouzhuyiqingkaoyandeqingkuangxia,zongshujideshangshujianghua,weitaiyangchengwangzhizaixinxingshixiashenrutuijingaigefazhan、baozhangguojialiangshianquantigonglesixiangwuqi,zhiminglezhengquefangxiang,zhuruleqiangdadongli。taiyangchengwangzhiyijishizhaokaijudangzulilunxuexizhongxinzu(kuoda)xuexihui,duizongshujidejianghuajinxingrenzhenxuexiheyantao,liqiushenhuaduizongshujizhongyaojianghuajingshendelijiehelingwu,qieshizuodaoxueshenwutou、xueyizhiyong。

    jiutaiyangchengwangzhiqueryan,taiyangchengwangzhirenweizhiyouzhezhongzhuahaoyixiajifangmiangongzuo,cainengbazongshujidezhongyaojianghualuoshidaowei,zhenzhengjianfuhaoweiguoguanliangguanchudezhongren,weizizhiqujingjishehuifazhantigongyoulibaozhang。

    太阳成网址yishiyiliangshianquanxingzhengshouzhangzerenzhikaoheweizhuashou,qieshitishengliangshianquanbaozhangnengli。yanjiuzhidingjinyibuyangeliangshianquanmengshizhangzerenzhikaohedezhengcecuoshi,zaibaochizongtiwendingdeqiantixia,weiraojiaqiangliangshishengchannengli、chubeinengli、liutongnenglitaiyangchengwangzhi,diaodongnongminzhongliangjijixing,wendingliangshijiage、quebaogongyingdengfangmian,xingchengfuhezizhiqushijidekaohetixi。jinyibuwanshanjilijizhihejiangchengcuoshi,chongfenfahuikaohe“zhihuibang”he“zhutuiqi”zuoyong,jishiducumengshizhuahaogongzuoluoshi。tongshi,jiaqiangkaohechengyuandanweidelianxihegoutong,jianligongzuotaizhangheqingkuangtongbaozhidu。zhashizuohaozicha,qianghuawentixianqizhenggai,buduanmibuduanbanruoxiang。

    ershiyibaogongwenshiweizhongdian,jianquanwanshanyingjitizhijizhi。shouxianshiyaojinyibujianquanwanshanjianceyujingjizhi。renzhenzuohaoliangyoutongji,jiaqiangdashujucaijiyunyong,jianlijianquanliangyoujiagongqiye、chaoshi、pifashichang、yingjixiaoshouwangdianchengpinlianggouxiaocunjiancezhidu。miqieguanzhujiagebodongdengqingkuang,jishifabuxinxi,bingcaiquyouxiaocuoshijiejuemiaotouxing、qingxiangxingwenti。zhuzhongjiaqiangxinwenxuanchuan,zhudongfasheng,jishihuiyingshehuiguanqie。qicishiyaoluoshiliangshianquanbaogongwenshishudizeren。yaochongfenfahuigediduoyuanshichangzhutizuoyong,peiyuguganliangyoujiagongqiye,qianghuachengpinliangyuanzuzhi,jianlijianquanmengshijian、quneiwailiangyouqiyezhangqihezuohejinjidiaoyunxiediaojizhi,quebaojunxuminshi,quebaoliangyougongyingbutuoxiao、buduandang。qianghuazhiliangjianguan,jianjuefangzhibufuheshipinanquanbiaozhundeliangshiliurukouliangshichang。zaicishiyaoqieshitishengyingjibaozhangshuiping。shenrupaichayingjibaozhangtixitaiyangchengwangzhizhongdeduanbanruoxiang,quanmianhechayingjiwangdianbaozhangnengli,jianlidongtaidiaozhengjizhi,jishibuchongwanshanyingjiwangluo。jinyibujianquanwanshanyingjiguanlixiangguanzhiduhezhichizhengce,xiugaiwanshanyingjiyuan,qianghuadiqujian、bumenjianyingjiliandonghewentijiejuejizhi,tigaotufashijianyingjixiangyingsudu。lizushijizhuahaoyingjiyanlian,qieshitishengyingjishizhanshuiping,quebaoguanjianshihounadechu、diaodekuai、yongdeshang。

    sanshiyiqieshiweihurenminqunzhongliyiweidaoxiang,jiakuaishixianliangshichubeixingyegenggaocengcideminshenganquanbaozhang。shouxianshiyaochixuzhuahaomeiniandeliangshishougou。renzhenluoshiyumi、dadoushouchuzhidugaigedegexiangyaoqiu,jianquanwanshanliangshishougoudaikuanxinyongbaozhengjijin,guliduoyuanzhutirushi,jiadajiagexinxitaiyangchengwangzhihezhengcexuanchuanyindaolidu,zhidaononghuzuohaochulianggongzuo,bimianfashengdamianjimeilianghuailiangxianxiang。qicishiyaobuduangengxinyouhualiangshixiaoshoumoshi。jiaqiangyuxianshangxiaoshoupingtaihezuo。huijitaiyangchengwangzhiquyouzhiliangyou,duijieliangyouzhiyingdian、jiamengdian、shequbianlidian,zheligoujianpinpailiangyoupeisongzhongduanqudao,jinyibutuozhantaiyangchengwangzhiquliangyouxiaoshoushichang。zaicishiyaowanshanxingyefaguiguizhang。jijituidong《zizhiquliangshianquanbaozhangtiaoli》lifa。jiakuaixiudingwanshan《zizhiqujichubeiliangguanlibanfa》《zizhiqujichubeilianglunhuanguanlibanfa》dengdifangchubeiliangguanlizhidu,shigexianggongzuoyouguikeyi、youzhangkexun。

    sishiyishenhuachubeiliangtizhijizhigaigeweidongli,buduanjianquanchubeitixi、tishengchubeixiaoneng。zhenduiyiqingfangkongbaoluchudewenti,jixushenhualiangshichubeiguanlitizhigaige,jianquanchubeiliangyunxingjizhi,qianghuajunminchubeiguihuatongchouhexuqiuduijie,zhengtituijinyingjijiuzai、fangxunkanghan、yiqingfangkongwuzichubeianquanguanligaige,tigaofangfanhuajiezhongdafengxian、taiyangchengwangzhihongguandiaokongheyingduitufashijiandenengli。gaohaogeleichubeishouchulunhuan,jinyibudiaozhengyouhuataiyangchengwangzhiqudifangchubeiliangpinzhongjiegoubuju,quebaotaiyangchengwangzhiquchubeijinkuaidadaoyaoqiu。

    五是以编制“十四五”规划为契机,着力提升支撑保障能力。首先是要科学编制“十四五”规划。聚焦粮食和物资储备核心职能,谋划好全区粮食和物资储备改革发展的总体思路和主要目标,并认真确定重大项目。其次是着力推进基础设施项目太阳成网址。加强对粮食安全保障调控和应急设施太阳成网址项目调度和督导。加快信息化太阳成网址应用步伐,按照应急要求,逐步实现应急体系全覆盖。稳步推进军民融合军粮供应工程。再次是要坚持不懈加强执法监管。下移执法重心,强化“双随机一公开”监管。加强政策性粮食销售出库监管,严肃查处销售出库和加工转化中的违法违规行为。最后是要持之以恒抓好安全生产。进一步压实安全生产责任,持续开展“一规定两守则”培训和执行情况大检查,坚决防止各类安全生产事故发生。[2020-07-07 16:24:25]

    [主持人]

    太阳成网址国社会主要矛盾已经转化为人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾。人民生活已由温饱转为全面小康,既要“吃得饱”,还要“吃得好”“吃得放心”“吃得营养”“吃得健康”。请问,自治区粮食和物资储备部门,在增加绿色营养健康粮食消费供给方面,有哪些举措?[2020-07-07 16:44:05]

    [嘉宾: 张天喜]

    deque,zhuchirentidezheigewenti,bujinshiguangdaxiaofeizhedangxiaguanzhuderedian,erqieyeshidangheguojiajinnianlaizaigongjicejiegouxinggaigelingyudezhongdiangongzuo。guoqu,liangshiduanque,zhualiangshianquanzhuyaoshidingzhechanliang,zhezhongjiejue“chidebao”wenti。suizheshenghuoshuipingdezhubutigao,liangyouxiaofeixuqiubuduanshengji,duiliangshixuqiuyicongshuliangwenbaoxiangzhiliangyingyangzhuanbian,zhuiqiuliangshichanpingexinghua、duoyanghua、youzhihua、anquanxing,yichengweiputongbaixingdejibenyaoqiuheshehuigongshi。

    congliangshihewuzichubeibumendezhinengzhizeshanglaijiang,yitoulianzhenongyeshengchan,yitoulianzheshichangxiaofei。zaichidebaojichushang,shixianchidehao、chideanquanyingyang,nulizengjialvseyouzhiliangyouchanpingongji,goujiangenggaocengcideliangshizhilianganquantixi,weigengzhemouli、shizhezaofu、yezhehuhang,shitaiyangchengwangzhiliangshichubeirendechuxinheshiming。

    anzhaoxijinpingzongshujiguanyuzhuahao“liangtoushiwei、nongtougongwei”dezhongyaozhishihelikeqiangzongliyouguantaiyangchengwangzhiliangshichanyeqiangguodezhongyaopishijingshenyijizizhiqudangwei、zhengfudejuecebushu,yituotaiyangchengwangzhiquduoshudiqu“shuishiqingjiede,tushiganjingde”bijiaoyoushi,taiyangchengwangzhizhengzaidalituijinliangshichanyegaozhiliangfazhan,tigaoliangshichanyezhiliangxiaoyihejingzhengli,jinkuaixingchengsanchanronghefazhandexingeju。

    jutieryan,yishishenrushishi“youzhiliangshigongcheng”。zheishituidongliangshichanyegaozhiliangfazhandeyouxiaozaiti。yangeshixingjixiaopingjia,guanhaoyonghaoxiangmuzijin,quebaoxiangmushishijindu。jiakuaitaiyangchengwangzhiliangshichanhoutaiyangchengwangzhitixi。jianchiduoyuanzhuti,youhuagongnengbuju,dadaogaoxiaoyunying,shixianchanhoutaiyangchengwangzhitixichanliangdaxianquanfugai。buduankuodaliangshizhiliangjiancefugaimian。wanshanjizhi、tuozhangongneng,goujianliangshizhilianganquanjianyanwangluo,genghaotaiyangchengwangzhigeleishichangzhuti。jijikaizhan“zhongguohaoliangyou”neimengguxingdong。qianghualongtouqiyedaidongzuoyong,yindaoyouhuazhongzhijiegou,jinyibujianquanwanshanliyilianjiejizhi,tigaozongheshouyi。jijidazaojuyoushichangjingzhenglidequyugongyongliangyoupinpai,baneimenggulvse、youji、wuwurandeyouzhiliangyoutuixiangquanguonaizhishijie。

    ershijiakuaituidong“sanlian”xietongfazhan。shouxianshiyanshenchanyelian。yindizhiyituiguangquanchanyelianjingying、chanhoutaiyangchengwangzhidaidong、jingshenjiagongzhudao、shangmaowuliuyinling、zhushichanyehua、liangshixunhuanjingjidengfangshi,yindaozhuchanquyituoxianyujingji,peiyuliangshijiagongchanyejiqun,jiakuaixiangchanyezhonggaoduanheliantiaozhongduanyanshen。qicishitishengjiazhilian。zengjiaduoyuanliangyouchanpingongji,yikaobiaozhunyinlingdaobizhiliangtisheng,peiyumingyouchanpin。zaicishidazaogongyinglian。taiyangchengwangzhiliangshiwuliushuniuhetongdao,wanshanduocengciliangshijiaoyishichangtixi,tigaoliangshiliutongxiaolv。jijifazhannongchaoduijie、nongpiduijie、nongxiaoduijiedengzhicaizhigongmoshi。

    sanshizhelicujin“wuyouliandong”。chongfenfahuishichangjizhizuoyong,goujianshengchan、shougou、chucun、jiagong、xiaoshoudenggehuanjiexietongliandongjizhi。zheyanyu“youliangyouchan”,fahuiliutongduishengchandeyindaozuoyong,cujinliangshichanquwanglvsehua、youzhihua、tesehua、pinpaihuafangxiangfazhan;zheyanyu“youliangyougou”,zhubuxingchengyouliangyoujiadaoxiang,shiyouzhiliangshijichandechu、youmaidehao;zheyanyu“youliangyouchu”,tuiguanglvsechuliangjishu,tishengcangchusheshishuiping,zaigenggaoshuipingshangshixian“guangjiliang、jihaoliang、haojiliang”;zheyanyu“youliangyoujia”,youhualiangshijiagongchannengjiegou,tuiguangliangyouchanpinshidujiagong;zheyanyu“youliangyouxiao”,tuiguang“hulianwang+liangshi”“fangxinliangdian+zhushichufang”dengmoshi,changtongyouzhiliangyouxiaoshoutaiyangchengwangzhi“zuihouyigongli”。

    太阳成网址希望借助以上多项举措,加快构建现代粮食产业体系,加快推动粮食产业创新发展、转型升级、提质增效,努力把太阳成网址区尽早建成粮食产业强区,最大限度地满足人民群众对消费升级和美好生活的需求向往。[2020-07-07 16:45:41]

    [主持人]

    好的。非常感谢张局长的耐心解答,也十分感谢广大网友的积极参与。关于粮食安全的话题,肯定还有很多,但是由于时间的关系,今天的访谈就先到此结束。希望再有机会一起探讨太阳成网址。感谢广大网友收看本次节目!下期节目再见![2020-07-07 17:00:28]

    [嘉宾: 张天喜]

    再见![2020-07-07 17:02:53]

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